U.S. Taxation Information
The IRS does not maintain a permanent presence in Australia, and Consular staff are unable to answer inquiries regarding preparation and filing U.S. taxes. Therefore, we must direct all inquiries related to taxation to the IRS.
Contact the IRS
- Information regarding U.S. taxes can be found online at the IRS website.
- International IRS Office Contacts.
- Phone the IRS
- International Taxpayer Information Service: +1-800-829-1040
- Monday – Friday 6am – 11pm (U.S. Eastern Standard Time).
Filing U.S. Taxes
U.S. income tax returns for a tax year are generally due on April 15. Taxpayers resident overseas are given an automatic two-month extension to file; however any tax due though must be paid by April 15 to avoid being charged penalties and interest. Applicants may request a further extension by completing and submitting Form 4868 to the IRS before the return due date.
- U.S. Dollar exchange rates (determined by U.S. Department of Treasury).
- Tax Guide for U.S. Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad (PDF 2.6MB)
- Tax Info for Americans Overseas
- Federal Benefits and Obligations– Information for U.S. citizens residing abroad, including tax filing requirements
HOW TO FILE
- Refer to the IRS’s Addresses Listed by Return Type.
- Tax forms to file by mail can be downloaded from the IRS’s website.
- You can also request that the IRS mail the required forms to you.
U.S. citizens and resident aliens living outside the United States can use IRS Free File to prepare and file their federal tax returns electronically. The software completes the proper tax forms, does the math, and allows for free electronic filing through IRS e-file. By filing electronically, taxpayers due refunds and who have U.S. bank accounts can opt for direct deposit and get their refunds in as few as 10 days. Check the software provider’s information to ensure that it can accommodate a foreign address.
Tax Consultants in Australia
For your convenience, the U.S. Consulate General maintains a list of taxation consultant specialists (PDF 299 KB).
Taxpayers Identification Number (ITIN) Applications
If you are required to apply for an ITIN, please refer to the Individual Taxpayer Identification Number information on the IRS website.
Part of the application for an ITIN requires the U.S. Consulate General to certify a foreign passport as proof of identity in conjunction with the application. Please refer to our Instructions for Applications for an ITIN.